keeping things consistent with editor configs



~3 min read


484 words

Today, I want to talk about adding another tool designed to improve the developer experience by making easy: Editor Configs.

Other Solutions: Linters

Before getting into editor config, first a short aside on linters.

Tools like prettier and eslint are wonderful for linting and keeping projects clean. Linters, however, work by cleaning up code after it’s been written.

That means that unless you set them to clean on every save, it’s likely you’ll have a git log that looks a little like this:

* 02b2595 2020-03-14 | refactor: lint
* 8ea04ca 2020-03-14 | feat: add def
* a0787e7 2020-03-14 | refactor: lint
* 95299fe 2020-03-14 | feat: add abc

Yes, there are configurations to mitigate this - including rebasing, but the editor configuration file is a simple one for some of the more basic linting nuisances.

How Editor Config Fits In

Editor config handles a few cases particularly well, which can combine with linters nicely:

  1. They change the actual performance of the editor vs cleaning up after the fact
  2. They facilitate cross-platform development

Unlike linting, with Editor Configs, changes are made as you type. If you set your indent_size=4 and then tab, you’ll get four character worth of space. No need to clean up and lint later.

Editor Config facilitates cross-platform development (by which I mean some devs working on a Windows machine and others on Unix) with settings like the end_of_line property.

Carl Saunders (deadlybyte) wrote a good article on the pain this can cause on Dev.To (see here: 🙏 Please Add .gitattributes To Your Git Repository), but suffice to say: making a decision on how you want lines to end can avoid a lot of linting pain.

Using Editor Config

Using it is also really simple. A number of editors have built-in support for it. Just put a .editorconfig file in the root of your project and away you go.

For those editors that don’t have native support, many have plugins (like VSCode).

Once you’re set up (either by using an IDE like Webstorm with native support or with a plugin installed on VS Code), add your .editorconfig file to the root of the project.

My standard .editorconfig file:

# EditorConfig helps developers define and maintain consistent
# coding styles between different editors and IDEs

root = true

[*] # Applies rules to all file types

# Holy-War Section
indent_style = space
indent_size = 4

# Cross-Platform Consistency
end_of_line = lf
charset = utf-8
trim_trailing_whitespace = true
insert_final_newline = true

Wrapping Up

That’s it! Using Editor Config is simple and can help avoid a lot of unnecessary conversations / linting pain. Moreover, it can clean up your git history - which is always a plus!

Credit to Greg Lobinski for using Editor Config in his gatsby-start-hero-blog, which is where I first saw a .editorconfig file and it spurred this investigation.

Hi there and thanks for reading! My name's Stephen. I live in Chicago with my wife, Kate, and dog, Finn. Want more? See about and get in touch!