property accessors and typescript

2019-11-06

 | 

~1 min read

 | 

198 words

Came across an interesting example of a rarely used feature (at least for me) in Javascript creating unexpected results with Typescript: dynamic property accessors.

Property Accessors (dot and bracket notation) are not always side-effect free.1 For example, getters there’s nothing limiting a getter from mutating a value before it’s retrieved.

If you’re using Typescript and you want to assure Typescript that the value being accessed is the same each time, you need to assign it to a variable (e.g., val in the example below). That’s how to communicate to Typescript that the value is the same each time it’s referenced.

Here’s a simple example to demonstrate how getters and setters can overwrite the property values:

class C {
    i = 0
    get q() {
        return ++this.i
    }
    set q(val) {
        this.i = val
    }
}

const c = new C()
console.log(c.q) // 1
console.log(c.q) // 2
console.log(c.q) // 3
console.log(c.q) // 4

const val = c.q // static assignment
console.log(val) // 5
console.log(val) // 5

c.q = 10 // setter
console.log(c.i) // 10

Footnotes


Hi there and thanks for reading! My name's Stephen. I live in Chicago with my wife, Kate, and dog, Finn. Want more? See about and get in touch!